Vertical Farming Could Cut 20% off Global Emissions

Author Kyle Simpson is the founder of Local Loop Farms, a startup turning food waste into fresh food through integrated ecosystems inspired by nature. To get more great content from the Urban Vertical Project and partners like Kyle, sign up here!

Kyle is going to breakdown, category by category, how switching to vertical farming could cut 20% of our global greenhouse gas emissions. 

You’ve probably heard before that the Earth’s population will have an additional billion people within ten years, 2.5 billion over the next 35 years, and that nearly two-thirds of this global population is expected to live in a city during this time.[1, 2] You may have even heard that feeding these new generations will require humanity to increase food production by 70% over our current levels of production.[3]

The catch, however, is that food production and consumption already accounts for 19% to 29% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, larger than emissions from the energy or transportation sectors.[4, 5]

Cut Emissions by 20% and Grow More
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Nuclear Canola: Sucking up toxic waste

This is a nice, short read about vertical farming. To get down to the details you’ll need to make your project a success, join our newsletter here!

A big reason vertical farming is so important is that it frees land from harmful agricultural practices. Following the land sparing model of conservation, this allows environments to regenerate and new ecological corridors to form; bolstering biodiversity and buffering the planet from some of our more odious environmental practices.

nuclear canola

However, Mother Nature doesn’t need to be alone on its path to regenerate. Check out this project in Japan where they are using canola flowers to suck up cesium left over from the Fukushima disaster.

While not exactly vertical farming, here we have a great example of how we can fix our planet and our soil when we have our cities take some of the food production burden.

From the WSJ

“A bright yellow expanse of canola flowers about 25 kilometers from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant is providing more than just a blaze of color: The flowers are also helping to remove radioactive cesium from the soil.

The flowers were planted as part of a project aimed at decontaminating land and generating power in Minamisoma, a coastal city that straddles the edge of the evacuation zone around the Fukushima plant.

For Kiyoshige Sugiuchi, a 65-year old farmer from Minamisoma, the blooming flowers represent progress in the project run by a group of seven farmers and volunteers. He says the area covered by the flowers has tripled in size since the project started in autumn 2013 with a much smaller plot of 4.7 hectares.

The goal of the project is to create a chain of decontamination and power generation, using a biomass power station to make electricity from methane given off by fermenting canola.

Cesium is now virtually the sole cause of radioactive contamination in the area around Fukushima. Canola has been used to absorb cesium in areas surrounding Chernobyl to decontaminate farmlands there, but it only absorbs a small amount of cesium each time. It will therefore take many years to decontaminate the soil in Minamisoma.

Methane is produced by fermenting the canola leaves, stalks and roots, though the fermented residue has to be treated as low level radioactive waste. Canola oil, also known as rapeseed oil, can also be extracted from the seeds without any cesium content.

So far, the canola project is being run on a volunteer basis with some donations. The team is also selling the oil to raise money, though not in large volumes yet.

“In this area, rice was the main commercial product. But it’s difficult to get back the past as it was, given that many consumers are avoiding food from Fukushima. We have to come up with a new business model that doesn’t rely very much on markets in the outside world,” Mr. Sugiuchi said.”

Can you think of any other cases where this technology could be implemented? What about cleaning soil for urban crops? Let me know!

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